The spontaneous loss or termination of pregnancy before the 20th week is referred to as a spontaneous abortion. It is also known as miscarriage or early pregnancy loss. Most fertilized eggs are spontaneously aborted even before you know you are pregnant. The risks of miscarriage reduce after your baby’s heart beat is detected.
Majority of spontaneous abortions occur during the first three months of pregnancy (first trimester) because of the incompletely developed organ systems. Most spontaneous abortion occurs due to chromosomal abnormalities in the fertilised egg, and is associated with increasing age when pregnant from the 30 years onwards. Some of the common factors that could lead to spontaneous abortion includesmoking, drug and alcohol abuse, exposure to toxins, infection, hormone problems, obesity, immune and physical reproductive organ problems, and certain diseases such as uncontrolled diabetes.
Symptoms of spontaneous abortion include vaginal bleeding, cramps or abdominal pain, and fluid or tissue coming from your vagina. When you present with these symptoms, your doctor may perform a pelvic examination and ultrasound scan to detect spontaneous abortion.
Spontaneous abortion often cannot be prevented, andthe pregnancy tissue usually leaves the body in the form of vaginal bleed. When this does not happen, you will be monitored the tissue is removed from the uterus with surgery and medication.Your normal menstrual flow starts in 4 to 6 weeks. Your doctor will advise you to wait for one normal menstrual cycle to complete before trying to conceive again.