Prenatal care is very important to make sure you and your baby is healthy. Your obstetrician may advise you to practice various measures to ensure better health and safe pregnancy. listed below are some of the common measures for improving your health:
- Maintain a healthy well-balanced diet by eating nutritious food, which contributes to your baby’s growth and development. Your doctor may also suggest nutritional supplements or preparations containing calcium, iron, and folic acid. Folic acid prevents problems in your child’s brain and spinal cord, and is usually recommended before you become pregnant.
- Regular exercises may be beneficial as they may relieve discomforts during pregnancy. Walking and swimming are most preferred and recommended. However, you must consult your doctor before taking up these exercises and ensure that they are not overdone.
- Drink plenty of water to prevent dehydration.
- Get enough sleep during your pregnancy. Sleep on your left side as it prevents your baby’s weight from applying pressure to the large blood vessels that carry blood to your heart, feet and legs.
The below are some things to avoid during pregnancy.
- Avoid cigarettes, abusive drugs and alcohol as they are harmful for you as well as your baby.
- Avoid excessive intake of caffeinated products such as coffee as they increase your risk of miscarriage.
- Avoid cleaning cat litter boxes and eating raw or undercooked meat as they may cause toxoplasmosis, an infection that leads to chances of foetal eye and brain damage, poor growth and premature birth.